Object orgy

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This anti-pattern occurs when there is insufficient encapsulation in a system and objects just access each other's internals directly rather than going through a public interface.


  • Harder to find bugs because any part of the system could have potentially changed the state of an object to cause a bug so it is harder to determine where the problem occurred.
  • Harder to reason about the behavior of an object because any part of the system can manipulate its internals.
  • If many parts of the system access the internals of an object, the result is difficult to maintain Spaghetti code.
  • It is harder to change the internal workings of a class because the change can effect many other parts of the system.
  • Large public interfaces can make code hard to understand and obscure the original design.

Related design heuristics

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